# What Is the Accounting Equation, and How Do You Calculate It?

Journal entries often use the language of debits (DR) and credits (CR). A debit refers to an increase in an asset or a decrease in a liability or shareholders’ equity. A credit in contrast refers to a decrease in an asset or an increase in a liability or shareholders’ equity.

The cost of this sale will be the cost of the 10 units of inventory sold which is \$250 (10 units x \$25). The difference between the \$400 income and \$250 cost of sales represents a profit of \$150. The inventory (asset) will decrease by \$250 and a cost of sale (expense) will be recorded.

## Fixed Assets

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This bookkeeping method assures that the balance sheet statement always equals in the end. An error in transaction analysis could result in incorrect financial statements. An accounting transaction is a business activity or event that causes a measurable change in the accounting equation. Merely placing an order for goods is not a recordable transaction because no exchange has taken place.

The basic accounting equation is a fundamental principle of double-entry bookkeeping. The equation states that the total assets of a company must be equal to the total liabilities plus owner’s equity. This equation ensures that all transactions are accounted for and provides a snapshot of a company’s financial position at any given moment. Accounting equation describes that the total value of assets of a business entity is always equal to its liabilities plus owner’s equity. This equation is the foundation of modern double entry system of accounting being used by small proprietors to large multinational corporations.

## Assets

Metro Courier, Inc., was organized as a corporation on  January 1, the company issued shares (10,000 shares at \$3 each) of common stock for \$30,000 cash to Ron Chaney, his wife, and their son. Further reading is available on the balance sheet and double entry bookkeeping pages. A cost of sales item is purchased on credit – The accounts payable (liability) will increase, and the retained earnings will reduce. Accounting ratios are used to measure of a company’s performance and finacial health. There are many different accounting ratios, but some of the most commonly used ones are the debt to equity ratio, the current ratio, and the return on equity. Once you are done with these lessons be sure to check out the final lesson on the accounting equation and financial position, which will give you more info and certainty about this key concept.

Not only does the accounting equation underpin all accounting entries, but it also forms the exact structure of one of accounting’s most important reports – the balance sheet. Obligations owed to other companies and people are considered liabilities and can be categorized as current and long-term liabilities. Additionally, which of the following is the basic accounting equation it doesn’t completely prevent accounting errors from being made. Even when the balance sheet balances itself out, there is still a possibility of error that doesn’t involve the accounting equation. To understand the accounting equation better, let’s take a few practical transactions and analyze their effect.